Archive for the ‘architecture’ Tag
A short walk from Kapowai is Nelson’s Dockyard a cultural heritage site and marina in English Harbour, Antigua. It is part of Nelson’s Dockyard National Park, which also contains Clarence House and Shirley Heights. Named after Admiral Horatio Nelson, who lived in the Dockyard from 1784 through 1787, Nelson’s Dockyard is home to some of Antigua’s sailing and yachting events such as Antigua Sailing Week and the Antigua Charter Yacht Meeting.
English Harbour quickly became a focal point for the establishment of a naval base in Antigua. Its position on the south side of the island meant it was well positioned to monitor the neighbouring French island of Guadeloupe. Additionally, the harbour is naturally well-suited to protect ships and cargo from hurricanes. In 1671 the first recorded ship to enter English Harbour was a yacht, the “Dover Castle.” It was chartered to the King by a Colonel Stroude for the use of the Governor of the Leeward Islands when he visited the islands under his jurisdiction and “chased ye pirates.”
The first reference to the defence of English Harbour occurs in 1704 when Fort Berkeley was listed as one of the twenty forts established around the coast of Antigua. By 1707 naval ships used English Harbour as a station, but no facilities had yet been built for ship maintenance or repair. By 1723 English Harbour was in regular use by British naval ships and in September of that year the harbour gained a reputation as a safe natural harbour when a hurricane swept ashore 35 ships lying in other ports in Antigua, while the HMS Hector and HMS Winchelsea, both moored in English Harbour, suffered no damage. Soon British naval officers petitioned for the building of repair and maintenance facilities in English Harbour. In 1728 the first Dockyard, St. Helena, was built on the east side of the harbour and consisted of a capstan house for careening ships, a stone storehouse, and three wooden sheds for the storage of careening gear. There were no quarters for dockyard staff or visiting sailors and the seamen themselves conducted all work and repairs on the ships. Naval operations in English Harbour soon outgrew the small original dockyard and plans were made to develop the western side of the harbour with more facilities.
Admiral’s Inn (the former Pitch and Tar Store)
Construction of the modern Naval Dockyard began in the 1740s. Enslaved laborers from plantations in the vicinity were sent to work on the dockyard. By 1745 a line of wooden storehouses on the site of the present Copper & Lumber Store Hotel had been built and the reclamation of land to provide adequate wharves had been started. Building continued in the Dockyard between 1755 and 1765, when quarters were built for the Commander-in-Chief on the site of the Officers’ Quarters. Additional storerooms, a kitchen and a shelter for the Commander’s “chaise” were also erected. The first part of the present Saw Pit Shed was constructed, the reclamation of the wharves and their facing with wooden piles was continued, and a stone wall was built to enclose the Dockyard. Between 1773 and 1778 additional construction was undertaken. The boundary walls were extended to their present position; the Guard House, the Porter’s Lodge, the two Mast Houses, the Capstan House, and the first bay of the Canvas, Cordage, and Clothing Store were built; and the first Naval Hospital was built outside the Dockyard. Many of the buildings in the Dockyard today were constructed during a building programme undertaken between 1785 and 1794. The Engineer’s Offices and Pitch and Tar Store were built in 1788 and the Dockyard wall was extended to enclose the new building. The wharves were improved and the northern side of the Saw Pit Shed was built in the same year. In 1789 the Copper and Lumber Store was completed and by 1792 the west side of the Canvas, Cordage, and Clothing Store had been completed. The Blacksmith’s Shop also dates from this period. This building programme overlaps with Nelson’s tenure in the Dockyard from 1784 to 1787. The Sail Loft was built in 1797 adjacent to the Engineer’s Offices and Tar and Pitch Store. Around 1806 the Pay Master’s Office was built and in 1821 the Officers’ Quarters building was constructed to accommodate the growing numbers of officers who accompanied their ships to the yard. The Naval Officer’s and Clerk’s House was built in 1855 and is now home to the Dockyard Museum.
In 1889 the Royal Navy abandoned the Dockyard and it fell into decay. The Society of the Friends of English Harbour began restoration in 1951 and a decade later it was opened to the public. Among the original buildings are two hotels, a museum, craft and food shops, restaurants, and a large marina. Hiking trails radiate across the surrounding national park.
Check out some of the rules below.
Deal is a town on the south east coast of England, we have been spending a bit of time down there as it is close to our holiday home it’s a really nice place and well worth a visit.
And folk with a sense of humour.
I haven’t done an iPhone post for a while, mainly because I forget my phone is a camera, I know this sounds strange but when I have a camera around my neck I just don’t even think about my phone/camera, so to get around this I left my camera at home last weekend while I was in Malta.
So here’s a bit of Malta on an iPhone.
And of course doors, I can’t walk pass door with character without taking a snap.
Have a great weekend.
Yeah I know, but my hands are tied at the moment, I was going to do ‘Bars in Bruges’ but didn’t think the server would be able to cope with that, and they were just the ones I went into!
So just a mixture today, here is one tourist attraction most people like, although he can be a bit noisy at times.
The Belfry tower is no less than 83 metres high, that is 366 steps! Your athletic efforts will be rewarded with a breath-taking view of Bruges and its surrounding countryside.
Although the safety grills on the windows are not designed with large lens cameras in mind.
Still in Bruges, but this time with doors, I don’t know what it is about doors but they tend to capture my eye a lot, saying that, the doors are normally the entrance to a pub. However the next few doors are not leading into any bars, and the first two I would definitely not like to exit when leaving a bar.
Have a great weekend.
And there are a lot of them, which of course makes this such a wonderful city to walk around, you are never short of a great view and without the bridges you would get wet feet.
I’m not going to go on about Bruges, you can check it out here it is a beautiful city, easy to get to from London via Eurostar and only take a couple of hours, plenty of Lace for the ladies and Beer for the boys.
This is the oldest bridge in Bruges according to our tour guide, however if you do a search you will get others saying it’s a different bridge.
This is another old bridge in Bruges.
During the seventeenth century the population of Kirkwall was below 1500 and it was possible for rich families to be buried in the nave of the Cathedral. The nave aisles are lined with grave stones from this period.
This is the grave stone of Captain Peter Winchester. The English inscription states that he, his wife, and their 3 children are buried there.
The grave stone is framed by the common masonic motif of ionic columns. The columns are spiralled with vines and grapes feature on the frieze. The steep pediment is dated 1675 and is flanked by birds and topped with a thistle. ( you will have to take my word for that as I chopped it off in the photo).
Couldn’t get over the Masonry, the work that must have gone into this.
Rooms leading off to room, and more great Masonry.
I spent 3 days in Kirkwall waiting for a boat a while back and as I have just done a few posts about the Shetland Islands I thought I better include the Orkney’s, this is St.Magnus Cathedral which dominates the skyline of Kirkwall, the main town of Orkney, a group of islands off the north coast of mainland Scotland. It is the most northerly cathedral in the British Isles, a fine example of Romanesque architecture built for the bishops of Orkney when the islands were ruled by the Norse Earls of Orkney.
It is owned not by the church, but by the burgh of Kirkwall as a result of an act of King James III of Scotland following Orkney’s annexation by the Scottish Crown in 1468. It has its own dungeon.
Its construction commenced in 1137 and it was added to over the next three hundred years. The first Bishop was William the Old, and the diocese was under the authority of the Archbishop of Nidaros in Norway. It was for Bishop William that the nearby Bishop’s Palace was built.
Before the Reformation, the Cathedral was presided over by the Bishop of Orkney, whose seat was in Kirkwall. Today it is a parish church of the Church of Scotland.
Sneaky shot of the inside.
Front door surround has seen better days, love those hinges.
Well my wife is back from NZ, had a great time seeing family and friends.
Before she left I set her up with my Nex-5, showed her the ropes, what all the buttons do, how to turn it on, basically everything I know about photography.
So here are some of her results.
This is Sky Tower at 328 metres, it is the tallest man-made structure in New Zealand and offers breathtaking views for up to 80 kilometres in every direction.
Out for lunch with family.
And even some time in the park.
I’m only kidding, she took a lot of great photo’s and i’ll share them over the next week or so.
While up at Cholmondeley Castle earlier this year and exploring the castle I found my way to the roof, I couldn’t resist checking it out and grabbing a few shots.
Even way up here the attention to detail is amazing.
A row of chimneys gives you an idea how they kept the castle warm though out the winter months, before central heating.
A closer look reveals each chimney is numbered so as to aid in diagnostics if one or more become blocked.
Have a great weekend.